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Saturday, May 31, 2014

Comparatives in Indonesian language



Use the word "Lebih" after the adjectives and add the word "dari pada" to make the comparative form in Indonesian language. 
Examples:

Risma lebih cantik daripada Yuni - Risma is more beautiful  than Yuni

Here are some of the adjectives that you can learn:

Tinggi - tall/ high
Pendek - short
Gemuk - fat
Kurus   - thin
Bagus - good
Buruk - bad
Malas - lazy
Rajin - diligent
Panas - Hot
Dingin - cold
Sejuk - cool
Ramai - Noisy/ crowded
Sepi - quiet
Mahal - expensive
Murah - cheap
Tua - old
Muda - young

other examples:

Jakarta lebih panas dari Bandung - Jakarta is hotter than Bandung

       
                        Jakarta                                                     Bandung

Can you make comparative sentences based on these pictures?

1.







TiniTina


2.
 

3.

Pak Yono         Pak Joyo







 

Read also"
Tenses in Indonesian Language
Pronouns in Indonesian language
Days and Months in Indonesian
Weather in Indonesian language
Parts of a house in Indonesian language
Direction in Indonesian
Vocabulary 2
Vocabulary 1


Friday, May 30, 2014

Tenses in Indonesian Language


 


When you learn Indonesian language you will not find difficult tenses as there is no changing in the verbs form when you talk about the past, the present as well as the future. All you need to know is the adverb of time as follows:

Kemarin - yesterday
Hari ini - today
Nanti malam - tonight
Besok malam - tomorrow night
Hari Sabtu depan - next week
Hari Jumat depan - next friday
Bulan depan - next month
Seminggu yang lalu - a week ago
Dua bulan yang lalu - two months ago
Tiga tahun yang lalu - three years ago
Saat ini - At the moment/ at this time
Sekarang - now

Examples:

Saya bertemu Arif kemarin - I met Arif yesterday
Lisa akan bertemu guru Bahasa Indonesia besok - Lisa will meet Indonesian language teacher tomorrow

The word "bertemu" remains the same. It does not change in form.

When you want to talk about progressive tense you can put the word "sedang/ lagi"
Examples:

Amir sedang membaca buku di kamarnya saat ini - Amir is reading book at his room at the moment
                            or
Amir lagi baca buku di kamarnya saat ini

 

For negative forms you use the words "tidak/ nggak" after the words "sedang/ lagi"
Examples:

Amir tidak sedang membaca buku di kamarnya saat ini - Amir is not reading at his room at the moment
                                   or

Amir nggak lagi baca buku di kamarnya saat ini

For the interrogative form:

Apa yang sedang Amir lakukan di kamarnya saat ini? - What is Amir doing at his room at the moment?
                                            or
Amir lagi ngapain di kamarnya saat ini?


For Present perfect tense you just use the word "sudah/ pernah".
Examples:

Saya pernah bertemu dia sebelumnya - I have seen him/her before
Dia pernah ke Bali sebelumnya - I have been to Bali before



For negative sentence you use the word "belum"
Examples:

Saya belum pernah bertemu dia sebelumnya - I have not seen him/her before
Dia belum pernah ke Bali sebelumnya - S/he has not been to Bali before
Saya belum makan - I have not eaten yet

For interrogative sentence you use the word "sudah"
Examples:

Kamu sudah makan? - Have you eaten yet? 
Dia sudah pernah ke Bali sebelumnya? - Has s/he been to Bali before?
Kamu sudah makan? - Have you eaten yet




Read also:

Pronouns in Indonesian language
Days and Months in Indonesian
Weather in Indonesian language
Parts of a house in Indonesian language
Direction in Indonesian
Vocabulary 2
Vocabulary 1

Pronouns in Indonesian Language

I. Subject Pronouns 
Subject Pronouns in Bahasa Indonesia can be as the First, Second, and Third person such as the following explanations:


A. FIRST PERSON SINGULAR

Saya means I and it is used formally
Example:  Saya pergi ke kantor pada jam 7 pagi.
Translation: I go to the office at 7 a.m


Aku means I used for a close relationship
Example: Aku cinta kamu.
Translation: I love you



B. FIRST PERSON PLURAL

Kami means we and it is used in a formal situation
Example: Kami harap anda mau mengerti
Kita also means we yet it is less formal



C. SECOND PERSON SINGULAR

Anda means you and it is used in a very formal situation
Example: Anda harus patuh dengan atasan. (You must obey your superior)


Kamu means you and it is used for a person that we know very well such as friends. We also use this for addressing younger person such as children, pupils, juniors.
Example: Kamu jangan takut karena aku disini untuk kamu. ( Don’t be afraid because I am here for you)

Engkau, Kau also means you and it is used the same as the word Kamu but we don’t use this for
addressing younger person such as children, pupils, juniors.
Example: Engkaulah segalnya bagiku. ( You are everything to me)
Kaulah hidupku. ( You are my life)
Saudara also means you and it is used in a very formal situation
Example: Saudara harusnya mengerti hal ini. ( You should understand about this)

D. SECOND PERSON PLURAL
Kalian or kamu sekalian means you in plural to addressed children and very close relations
For some cases we use:
Tuan-tuan – gentlements
Saudara-saudara – ladies and gentlements

E. THIRD PERSON SINGULAR

Dia (ia) refers to male or female person.
Example: Dia adalah istriku. (She is my wife)



When speaking about a respectable of an older person or an honorable man such as our superior in the office we use formal word Beliau 
Example: Beliau adalah president Indonesia. (He is the president of Indonesia)




F. THIRD PERSON PLURAL

Mereka means they
Example: Mereka pergi ke kampus setiap pagi. (They go to campus everyday)


II. OBJECT PRONOUNS
The Subject Pronouns can also be used as the Object Pronouns.
 the example:

- Saya suka kamu ( I like you )


  
III. POSSESSIVE AND ADJECTIVE PRONOUNS

Bahasa Indonesia is not difficult. For Possessive and Adjective Pronouns we still use the same words as the above. can also be used as the example:

Buku saya (my book)
Buku Kamu (your book) can be shortened - Bukumu (your book)
Buku itu buku kamu or Buku itu bukumu (That book is yours)
Dimana rumah kamu? or Dimana rumahmu? (Where is your house)
Apakah itu mobil kamu? (Is that your car?)
Bos saya ingin bertemu dengan manager kamu (My boss wantsto see your manager)
Bisa saya pinjam pulpen anda? (May I borrow your pen) 

Read also:


Romantic phrases in Indonesian language
Conversation about daily activities in Indonesia
Daily activities in Indonesian language




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