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Friday, May 30, 2014

Pronouns in Indonesian Language

I. Subject Pronouns 
Subject Pronouns in Bahasa Indonesia can be as the First, Second, and Third person such as the following explanations:


A. FIRST PERSON SINGULAR

Saya means I and it is used formally
Example:  Saya pergi ke kantor pada jam 7 pagi.
Translation: I go to the office at 7 a.m


Aku means I used for a close relationship
Example: Aku cinta kamu.
Translation: I love you



B. FIRST PERSON PLURAL

Kami means we and it is used in a formal situation
Example: Kami harap anda mau mengerti
Kita also means we yet it is less formal



C. SECOND PERSON SINGULAR

Anda means you and it is used in a very formal situation
Example: Anda harus patuh dengan atasan. (You must obey your superior)


Kamu means you and it is used for a person that we know very well such as friends. We also use this for addressing younger person such as children, pupils, juniors.
Example: Kamu jangan takut karena aku disini untuk kamu. ( Don’t be afraid because I am here for you)

Engkau, Kau also means you and it is used the same as the word Kamu but we don’t use this for
addressing younger person such as children, pupils, juniors.
Example: Engkaulah segalnya bagiku. ( You are everything to me)
Kaulah hidupku. ( You are my life)
Saudara also means you and it is used in a very formal situation
Example: Saudara harusnya mengerti hal ini. ( You should understand about this)

D. SECOND PERSON PLURAL
Kalian or kamu sekalian means you in plural to addressed children and very close relations
For some cases we use:
Tuan-tuan – gentlements
Saudara-saudara – ladies and gentlements

E. THIRD PERSON SINGULAR

Dia (ia) refers to male or female person.
Example: Dia adalah istriku. (She is my wife)



When speaking about a respectable of an older person or an honorable man such as our superior in the office we use formal word Beliau 
Example: Beliau adalah president Indonesia. (He is the president of Indonesia)




F. THIRD PERSON PLURAL

Mereka means they
Example: Mereka pergi ke kampus setiap pagi. (They go to campus everyday)


II. OBJECT PRONOUNS
The Subject Pronouns can also be used as the Object Pronouns.
 the example:

- Saya suka kamu ( I like you )


  
III. POSSESSIVE AND ADJECTIVE PRONOUNS

Bahasa Indonesia is not difficult. For Possessive and Adjective Pronouns we still use the same words as the above. can also be used as the example:

Buku saya (my book)
Buku Kamu (your book) can be shortened - Bukumu (your book)
Buku itu buku kamu or Buku itu bukumu (That book is yours)
Dimana rumah kamu? or Dimana rumahmu? (Where is your house)
Apakah itu mobil kamu? (Is that your car?)
Bos saya ingin bertemu dengan manager kamu (My boss wantsto see your manager)
Bisa saya pinjam pulpen anda? (May I borrow your pen) 

Read also:


Romantic phrases in Indonesian language
Conversation about daily activities in Indonesia
Daily activities in Indonesian language




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