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GRAMMAR

GRAMMAR IN BAHASA INDONESIA
When you learn bahasa Indonesia you need to know about the grammar of the language. Here is an example:


FIRST PERSON SINGULAR


Saya means I and it is used formally 
Example:  Saya pergi ke kantor pada jam 7 pagi.
Translation: I go to the office at 7 a.m


Aku means I used for a close relationship
Example: Aku cinta kamu.
Translation: I love you 

FIRST PERSON PLURAL


Kami means we and it is used in a formal situation 
Example: Kami harap anda mau mengerti 
Kita also means we yet it is less formal


SECOND PERSON SINGULAR


Anda means you and it is used in a very formal situation 
Example: Anda harus patuh dengan atasan. (You must obey your superior) 


Kamu means you and it is used for a person that we know very well such as friends. We also use
             this for addressing younger person such as children, pupils, juniors.
Example: Kamu jangan takut karena aku disini untuk kamu. ( Don’t be afraid because = am here
for you) 

 
Engkau, Kau also means you and it is used the same as the word Kamu but we don’t use this for
addressing younger person such as children, pupils, juniors.
Example: Engkaulah segalnya bagiku. ( You are everything to me)
Kaulah hidupku. ( You are my life)

Saudara also means you and it is used in a very formal situation
Example: Saudara harusnya mengerti hal ini. ( You should understand about this)

SECOND PERSON PLURAL
Kalian or kamu sekalian means you in plural to addressed children and very close relations

For some cases we use:

Tuan-tuan – gentlements

Saudara-saudara – ladies and gentlements

THIRD PERSON SINGULAR


Dia (ia) refers to male or female person. 
Example: Dia adalah istriku. (She is my wife)
When speaking about a respectable of an older person or an honorable man such as our
superior in the office we use formal word Beliau  
Example: Beliau adalah president Indonesia. (He is the president of Indonesia)


THIRD PERSON PLURAL


Mereka means they
Example: Mereka pergi ke kampus setiap pagi. (They go to campus everyday)

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